Biomedical Software for Pharmacy School Applications

Provided by Marilyn Bush, Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, University of Mississippi, University, MS 38677, 601-232-7330, fax 601-232-5118, e-mail PLBUSH@VM.CC.OLEMISS.EDU, or Pharmline. Please send correction, additions, etc. to Marilyn Bush and David Bourne (david-bourne@uokhsc.edu).

ANATOMY/PHYSIOLOGY

A.D.A.M. (Animated Dissection of Anatomy for Medicine): combines high- resolution graphics with a database of related medical knowledge; users can peel away the skin one tissue layer at a time, revealing every bone, muscle and nerve; users can link with a library of X-rays, CAT scans, and tissue studies. Available in PC or Mac format. Mac requirements: Mac IIci or better, 8MB RAM, System 7.0.1 with tune-up, 80MB hard drive, RGB color monitor with enhanced graphics capability, CD-ROM optical disk player, color printer optional. PC requirements: 386sx or better, CD-ROM optical disk drive, 8MB RAM, 80MB hard drive, DOS 5.0, Windows 3.1, super VGA graphics card with minimum 640 x 480 pixels and 8-bit colors, VGA monitor, color printer optional. Pricing is complex, depending on sections and number of units ordered. A.D.A.M. Comprehensive, single unit, $2,295. A.D.A.M. Standard (intermediate level application), single unit, $1,195. A.D.A.M. Essentials (entry level application), single unit, $295. A.D.A.M. Software, Inc., 1600 RiverEdge Parkway, Suite 800, Atlanta, GA 30328, 800-755-2326, fax 404-955- 3088.

ATLAS-plus: provides multimedia instruction in 3 courses, Histology, Gross Anatomy and Embryology; integrates the use of digitized images, computer graphics, sounds, animations and textual information. This program is still in development, with anticipated release of Histology in May '93 and the other two to follow. Will be distributed on CD-ROM. Requires Mac II series computer with 2 color monitors; high-resolution graphics card is required for second monitor. Histology for single user $895, site license $1,895. University of Michigan Software, 475 E. Jefferson St. #2354, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1248, 313- 936-0435, fax 313-936-1330.

Atoms to Anatomy: a videodisc (CAV format) that illustrates components of human anatomy from a systems approach beginning with gross anatomy and continuing down to the molecular level; index software included. Requires Mac with 1MB RAM, 10MB hard disk, videodisc player with RS232C port, interface cable, video monitor/TV. $295. Videodiscovery, Inc., 1700 Westlake Ave. N, Suite 600, Seattle, WA 98109, 800-548-3472, fax 206-285-9245.

Body Insight: an interactive anatomy reference with information about human body systems, pregnancy, embryology, first aid, hip replacement, heart pacer/by-pass, bone fractures, tooth decay/repair, AIDS. Compatible with DOS or Windows. Requires 3.5" floppy drive, hard disk; for Windows r386, rVGA; for DOS rversion 3.0, r286, VGA. $69.95 for 1-10 single copies; $59.95 for 11 or more single copies; lab packs available from $249 to $795 depending on number of nodes. Integrated Computer Products, 4510 E. Sandra Terrace, Phoenix, AZ 85932, 800-279-1479, fax 602-971-4353.

Dynamics of Human Anatomy: videodisc program designed to teach functional and structural anatomy using dissection of fresh, unembalmed cadavers; covers the skeletal, muscular, cardiovascular, and nervous systems, using a regionalized approach, with biomechanical applications. Requires IBM PS/2 with M-Motion Card and VGA monitor, videodisc player. $995. Lea & Febiger, 200 Chester Field Parkway, Malvern, PA 19355-9725, 800-882-8532.

P.S.I.M.P.L.E.: (Problem Solving in Medical Physiology, Logically Explained) is a case-based interactive hypertext program for teaching and learning medical physiology. Requires a Mac Plus and Hypercard version 2.2 or later. Demo disk available on request. Single user $450; site license $1,500. Raven Press, Dept. JM/PSIMPLE, 1185 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10036, fax 212-869-3495.

Revieware: student can scan sample questions, select answers, and study explanations keyed to missed questions; independent modules include Osteology, Gross Anatomy of the Extremities & Back, Gross Anatomy of the Thorax, Abdomen & Pelvis, Neuroanatomy and Microanatomy I (Organ Structure & Function). Requires PC 286 with CGA, EGA or VGA video adapter. $99/module. Suntext Corporation, Suite 129, 4521 Campus Drive, Irvine, CA 92715, 310-372-1412.

Revieware: student scans sample questions, selects answers interactively, and studies explanations keyed to missed questions. Modules include Physiology of Nerves and Muscles ($99), Respiratory Physiology (USMLE format, $199), and Cardiovascular Physiology ($99). Requires PC 286 with CGA, EGA or VGA video adapter. Suntext Corp., Suite 129, 4521 Campus Dr., Irvine, CA 92715, 310- 372-1412.

BIOCHEMISTRY

Animated Pathways of Biochemistry: major pathways of biochemistry are presented in an animated format; can be used in lectures as well as individual tutorial sessions. Requires PC with 256K RAM, color monitor, and graphics card. Parts I and II sold separately; $149.50 each. Williams & Wilkins Electronic Media, 428 E. Preston St., Baltimore, MD 21202, 800-638-0672, fax 800-447-8438.

Biochemistry Exam/Tutorial: covers basic fuel metabolism at an advanced undergraduate, medical, or graduate school level. Requires PC with 256K RAM and graphics card. $225. Williams & Wilkins Electronic Media, 428 E. Preston St., Baltimore, MD 21202, 800-638-0672, fax 800-447-8438.

Revieware: student can scan sample questions, select answers, and study explanations keyed to missed questions; independent modules include Carbohydrate & Lipids, Biochemistry of Nucleic Acids, Molecular Biology. Requires PC 286 with CGA, EGA or VGA video adapter. $99/module. Suntext Corporation, Suite 129, 4521 Campus Drive, Irvine, CA 92715, 310-372-1412.

The Nature of Genes: this CD-ROM covers the fundamentals of human genetics in an interactive style. Modules include DNA-The Constituent of Genes, DNA Replication, The Genetic Message, The Genetic Code, Transcription and Premessenger RNA Processing, Translation, Proteins, Chromosomes, Genes and Inheritance, Sex Chromosomes, The Human Genome, Glossary. Requires 68030- based Mac, 4MB RAM, System 6.07 or higher, color monitor (12" not supported), standard Mac sound, CD-ROM drive. Single user, $245; site license, $495. SilverPlatter Education, Inc., Multimedia Accelerated Learning, 62 Harvard St., Brookline, MA 02146, 800-343-0064, FAX 617-769-8763.

CLINICAL

CaseBase: multimedia collection of four clinical cases; objective is to expose users to information needed to diagnose and treat specific conditions presented and to encourage exploration of addtional related material; includes three clinical cases in cardiology and one in neurology; HyperCard interface. Hardware requirements: Macintosh, 4MB RAM, 13" or larger color monitor, System 7, QuickTime extension. The cases are delivered on a 44MB SyQuest cartridge. Single user application program $200 plus $200 for each case, i.e. $600 for all four cases. Keyboard Publishing, 482 Norristown Rd., Suite 111, Blue Bell, PA 19422, 800-945-4551, fax 215-832-0945.

Diagnostic Reasoning (DxR): clinical problem-solving exercises designed to teach students to frame the clinical problem, generate a quick hypothesis, scan and question data effectively, weight alternative hypotheses, diagnose accurately, and prescribe correct therapy. Hardware requirements: Macintosh, 2MB RAM, 13" or larger color monitor, System 6.0.7 or later, HyperCard 2.1 or later, QuickTime extension. Prices vary with each case, but range from $89 to $189 for single user. Keyboard Publishing, see above.

Drug Interactions: basic principles and concepts about drug interactions; divided into 2 sections, didactic and case studies; independent modules include Fundamental Concepts of Drug Interactions, Epidemiology of Drug Interactions, Drug-Food Interactions, Food-Drug Interactions, Drug Interaction Reports: Agents Affecting the CNS and the CVS and Anti-infective Drugs, Case Studies in Drug Interactions. Requires PC with MS-DOS 2.0 or higher, color monitor, CGA or better graphics adapter, hard disk. Single user $150. Health Sciences Consortium, 201 Silver Cedar Court, Chapel Hill, NC 27514-1517, 919- 942-8731.

Hematology VideoReview: review of key topics in hematology including normal and abnormal blood smear, anemia, bleeding disorders, hematologic malignancies and lymphomas and blood infections; links to images from Slice of Life VI; includes image-based question set. Hardware requirements: Macintosh, 2MB RAM, 4.6MB hard disk space, System 6.0.7 or later, level 3 NTSC videodisc player with RS-232 interface, video monitor, connecting cables; single user $220. Keyboard Publishing, 482 Norristown Rd., Suite 111, Blue Bell, PA 19422, 800- 945-4551, fax 215-832-0948.

PharmAssist: The Family Guide to Medicine and Health. A reference resource providing information on prescription and nonprescription drugs, first aid, vaccinations, health alerts, methods of drug administration, drug interactions, drug abuse. Requires Windows 3.1, r2MB RAM, 5MB free hard disk space, 3.5" HD floppy drive, mouse, 16-color 640 x 480 VGA. $59.95 for 1-10 single copies, $49.95 for 11 or more. Integrated Computer Products, 4510 E. Sandra Terrace, Phoenix, AZ 85032, 800-279-1479, fax 602-971-4353.

Top 200 HyperCard Stack: a database of "drug cards," including information on generic names, therapeutic class, dosage forms, indications, drug interactions, adverse effects, pharmacology, contraindications and patient consultation. Hardware requirements include a Mac Plus or better with a minimum of 1MB of RAM, hard disk or 2 floppy drives, System 6.0.2 or later, Hypercard 2.0 or later. Site license $150. Sigler and Flanders, Inc., P.O. Box 3578, Lawrence, Kansas 66046-0578.

HISTOLOGY

Histology VideoReview: computer-based histology course and review program, referencing images from Slice of Life . Requires Mac with r2MB free RAM, hard drive, high-density floppy drive, system 6.0.7 or higher, Slice of Life videodisc with compatible hardware. Single user $220, site license $495. Keyboard Publishing, 482 Norristown Rd., Blue Bell, PA 19422, 800-945-4551, fax 215-832-0948.

Histology VideoIndex and Videodisc: includes Histology: A Photographic Atlas, a videodisc collection of color photographs of cells, tissues and organs as seen through a light microscope ($535). The VideoIndex is a HyperCard stack containing descriptive captions for all of the images on the videodisc (single user $300, site license $600). Videodisc requires a videodisc player with a barcode reader attachment, video monitor, connecting cables. VideoIndex is compatible with Mac models with r2MB free RAM, high-density floppy drive, system 6.0.7 or higher, Hypercard 2.1 or higher. Keyboard Publishing, 482 Norristown Rd., Blue Bell, PA 19422, 800-945-4551, fax 215-832-0948.

MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY

Introduction to Medical Terminology: contains 3 units; Unit I describes prefixes, suffixes, and word roots; Units II and III describe terms related to various organ systems. $100/unit or $250 for complete set. Williams & Wilkins Electronic Media, 428 E. Preston St., Baltimore, MD 21202, 800-638-0672, fax 800-447-8438.

Medical Terminology Made Easy: teaches prefixes, combining forms, and suffixes; divided into 8 units -- introductory, general and six units covering medical terms associated with one or more body systems. Requires PC with 640K RAM, EGA or better graphics adapter, hard disk. $750. Health Sciences Consortium, 210 Silver Cedar Court, Chapel Hill, NC 27514-1517, 919-942-8731.

Medilex: designed to help the user become familiar with prefixes, stems and suffixes that by themselves or in combination have formed most terms in the medical lexicon. Requires Mac Plus or better with 1MB RAM, hard disk, Hypercard 2.0 or later. $39.95. Higher Education Software Collection, 3659 India St., San Diego, CA 93103, 800-242-7468.

MICROBIOLOGY

Keyboard Microbiology Series: includes Microbiology TextStack, which reproduces the full text and all figures, tables, charts and illustrations from Medical Microbiology, Second Edition, John Sherris, Editor (single user $280, site license $600); Microbiology QuizBank, multiple choice questions linked to Microbiology TextStack (single user $220, site license $550); Microbiology VideoIndex, index of images from Slice of Life, with links to Microbiology TextStack (single user $195, site license $495). Hardware requirements: Mac with r2MB free RAM, high-density floppy drive, r17MB available hard disk space, system 6.0.7 or later, Hypercard 2.1 or later; also available in a Windows version. Keyboard Publishing, 482 Norristown Rd., Suite 111, Blue Bell, PA 19422, 800-945-4551, fax 215-832-0948.

MULTIPURPOSE

Slice of Life: videodisc of medical images, including histology, neuroanatomy, pathology, radiology, cardiology, gross anatomy, microbiology, etc.; can be used with various software packages, e.g., HyperBrain, HyperHeart, HyperHistology, PathStacks. Requires NTSC videodisc player with remote. Slice of Life VI videodisc $300. Adjunct software has specific hardware and system requirements. Contact distributor for details. Slice of Life, Eccles Health Sciences Library, University of Utah, Bldg. #589, Salt Lake City, UT 84112-1185, 801-581-8694, fax 801-585-2623, Internet: stpierre@cc.utah.edu, AppleLink: slice.

SoftPC Professional: creates an MS-DOS environment on a Mac, so that you can run PC applications. The basic software uses 5MB of hard disk space, plus additional space is required for applications. $299. Insignia Solutions, 526 Clyde Ave., Mountain View, CA 94043, 800-848-7677.

NEUROSCIENCE

Brain Browser: HyperCard based program with four major modules that interact for studying, recording, analyzing and reporting neuroanatomical information; Learner is a brief instructional survey that introduces beginning students to the hierarchical macroscopic organization of the rat brain; NeuroNavigator is an atlas of the rat brain; Linker is a relational database of neuronal circuitry; DataMaker is a means by which a user can copy any of the atlas plates in NeuroNavigator or data from Linker into a personal record-keeping system. Academic Press, Inc., 1250 6th Ave., San Diego, CA 92101.

Brainstorm: an interactive multimedia atlas of neuroanatomy for medical and graduate students. Incorporates magnified myelin-stained cross-sections, labelled and annotated with comprehensive references to color dissections, interactive diagrams, and descriptive text. Requires color Macintosh with 13" or larger screen, 5MB RAM, System 6.0.4 or later. Single copy $500, network license $1,000. Office of Technology Licensing, Mail Code 1850, 900 Welch Rd., Suite 350, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94304-1850, 415-723-0651, fax 415-725-7295.

Graphic Brain: a series of computer-based teaching aids for neuroanatomy and neurophysiology; suitable for use in introducing neuroscience to medical and paramedical students, beginning graduate students, and advanced undergraduates. 2 major components: Neuroanatomy consists of 3 parts--The Atlas, Functional Neuroanatomy & Clinical Correlations--that can be purchased separately for $250 each or together for $600; Neurophysiology is designed as a classroom adjunct, but is also available in an interactive version. $350 single user; $1400 site license. Both are in PC format, with hardware requirements dependent on version/module. The neurophysiology component has been tested on a Quadra 700 running SoftPC. Dr. T.J. Voneida, Professor & Chair (for the neuroanatomy component) or Dr. T.J. Teyler (for the neurophysiology component), Neurobiology Dept., NE Ohio College of Medicine, Box 95, Rootstown, OH 44272, tel (216)325-2511, fax (216)325-2524.

Human Brain Animations: a videodisc of animated 3-D images of the brain and its major components; may be used in conjunction with Brain Browser. Requires videodisc player with remote control; if computer control is desired, the videodisc player must have a serial (RS232) port. $250. Health Sciences Center for Educational Resources, Distribution, University of Washington, SB- 56, Seattle, WA 98195, 206-685-1186, fax 206-543-8051.

MacBrain Lesion: provides for a review of neuroanatomy in 3 different formats -- graphic lesion problems and answers, multiple choice study and review questions with both specific and overview answers, and electronic file cards for nerve tracts and nuclei. Will run on any Mac. $375 single user; $645 site license. Minnesota Medical Edu-Ware, Inc., 2902 E. Superior St., Duluth, MN 55812, 218-726-2981.

OPAL Neural Communication: an interactive environment that allows exploration of the cellular and molecular basis of propagation of signals along nerve fibers and the transmission of signals between cells. PC version requires 386 processor, 2MB free RAM, VGA monitor, mouse, Windows 3.0 or later, 2MB free space on hard disk. Mac version requires Mac SE 30 or better, 2MB free RAM, 3MB free space of hard disk. Single user $343. Elsevier Science Publishing Co., Inc., P.O. Box 882, Madison Square Station, New York, NY 10159, 212-633- 3650, fax 212-633-3990.

Slice of Brain: a videodisc collection of still images including normal microscopic and gross anatomy and neuropathology of the human brain, together with a large collection of neuroradiology. Anticipated release June 1993. Contact distributor for information on price and system requirements. Slice of Life, Eccles Health Sciences Library, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, 801-581-8694, fax 801-585-2623.

Synapse - The Movie: vividly illustrates current models of synaptic structure and function using graphical animations. Requires color Mac with hard disk and high-density floppy drive, r3MB RAM, system 6.0.7 or later. Single user $40, site license $80. Dr. Ronald P. Hammer, Jr., Laboratory of Cellular & Molecular Neuropharmacology, Dept. of Anatomy and Reprod. Biol., Univ. of Hawaii School of Medicine, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822, 808-956-6341, fax 808-956- 9481, Internet: hammer@uhccux.hawaii.edu.

PATHOLOGY

Human Diseases: a systems approach to the pathology of common human disorders; independent modules include Terminology, Inflammation, Systems Overview, AIDS, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Carcinoma of the Lung, Chronic Renal Failure, Sickle Cell Anemia, Ischemic Heart Disease, Ulcerative Colitis, Alcoholism. Requires PC with MS-DOS 2.0 or higher, color monitor, CGA or better graphics adapter, hard disk. Single user $150. Health Sciences Consortium, 201 Silver Cedar Court, Chapel Hill, NC 27514-1517, 919-942-8731.

Keyboard Pathology Series: includes Pathology TextStack, the complete text of Robbins Pathologic Basis of Disease, 4th Edition by Cotran, Kumar and Robbins (single user $240, site license $600); Pathology QuizBank Volume 1 and Volume 2, multiple choice questions with feedback on all answers and direct links to Pathology TextStack (single user Volume 1 $240 Volume 2 $210, site license $600 & $550); Pathology VideoIndex, a detailed index and commentary on images from Slice of Life (single user $180, site license $420). Available in PC and Mac format. Hardware requirements: Mac--r2MB free RAM, high-density floppy drive, r18MB available hard disk space, system 6.0.7 or later, Hypercard 2.1 or later; PC--r286 processor, keyboard, mouse, high-density floppy drive, r13MB available hard disk space, EGA or better monitor, MS-DOS 3.3 or higher, Windows 3.1 or higher. Keyboard Publishing, 482 Norristown Rd., Suite 111, Blue Bell, PA 19422, 800-945-4551, fax 215-832-0948.

Revieware: General Pathology; student can scan sample questions, select answers, and study explanations keyed to missed questions. Requires PC 286 with CGA, EGA or VGA video adapter. $99. Suntext Corporation, Suite 129, 4521 Campus Drive, Irvine, CA 92715, 310-372-1412.

Sandoz Education Series: interactive, multimedia learning tools for self- teaching, lecture support and reference; includes AIDS-Related Diarrhea, Dyslipoproteinemia, Athersclerosis, Asthma, Hematopoiesis, Osteoporosis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, with others pending. Most are available in both Mac and Windows format or on a CD. Contact your Sandoz Associate, Medical Sciences Liason for more information.

PHARMACEUTICS

Calcwork: Pharmaceutical Calculations Workshop: based on 9th edition of Stoklosa & Ansel's textbook, Pharmaceutical Calculations, it is designed to improve calculation proficiency through practice problems, quizzes and reference materials from the text. Requires PC with one 360K disk drive and a hard drive, or two 360K disk drives, and 256K RAM. $2,000 one-time charge for initial site license. Williams & Wilkins Electronic Media, 428 E. Preston St., Baltimore, MD 21202, 800-638-0672, fax 800-447-8438.

Pharmkin: teaches principles of pharmacokinetics through computer simulations; displays kinetics of drug levels for 4 pharmacokinetic models (one- and two-compartment, nonlinear, and delayed absorption). User can observe the effect of patient age, weight and renal function on drug plasma levels. Help screens explain pharmacokinetic principles. Runs on PC with 256K RAM, floppy disk drive and graphics adapter. Site license $250. GraphPad Software; 10855 Sorrento Valley Rd., Suite 203, San Diego, CA 92121, 800-388- 4723, fax 619-457-8141.

Principles of Pharmacokinetics: presents the concepts and principles necessary to understand each of the simulations, which represent a particular pharmacokinetic model. Requires ISA, EISA, PS/2 or compatible, PC/MS-DOS 3.0 or higher, 512K RAM, 2.9MB hard disk space. Site license $2,950. Williams & Wilkins Electronic Media, 428 E. Preston St., Baltimore, MD 21202, 800-638- 0672, fax 800-447-8438.

PHARMACOLOGY

Cardiolab: a program simulating cardiovascular pharmacology in a dog model. Requires PC with 256K RAM, CGA/EGA/VGA. $199. Biosoft, P.O. Box 580, Milltown, NJ 08850, 908-613-9013, fax 908-613-8860.

MacDogLab: simulation of traditional mammalian pharmacology student laboratories illustrating basic principles of autonomic pharmacology. The program is a tutorial demonstration and discussion of the cardiovascular effects of drugs in the anesthetized dog. Requires Mac (performs best on II series) with hard disk, r2MB RAM, Hypercard 2.0 or later. Dr. Donald Barnes, 919-551-2747.

MacPharmacology: a series of study and review programs designed for interactive learning; review is offered in 3 formats, including study and review questions with both specific and overview answers, graphic review questions and answers, and electronic drug file cards; individual packages include Autonomic Pharmacology, Neuropharmacology, Autacoid/Renal Pharmacology and Cardiovascular Pharmacology. Will run on any Mac. $395 for each package; $595 site license. Minnesota Medical Edu-Ware, Inc., 2902 E. Superior St., Duluth, MN 55812, 218-726-2981.

Pharmaco-Logic: a tutorial quiz game. Students attempt to differentiate drugs from each other with the help of a series of progressively "priced" clues. This program was developed by Drs. Ewen MacDonald and Matti Ponkanen of the University of Kuopio in Finland. 011-358-71-228578, fax 011-358-71-162424.

Pharmacology TextStack: an electronic teaching system built around Pharmacology, a text, problem and review book by Theoharis C. Theoharides of Tufts University. Available in PC and Mac format. Compatible with Mac models with r2MB RAM, r10MB free hard disk space, system 6.0.7 or later, Hypercard 2.1 or later. PC format requires r286 processor, mouse, 2MB RAM, r10MB free space on hard disk, EGA or better monitor, MS-DOS 3.3 or higher, Windows 3.1 or higher. Single user $200, site license $500. Keyboard Publishing, 482 Norristown Rd., Suite 111, Blue Bell, PA 19422, 800-945-4551, fax 215-832- 0948.

PharmAid: a HyperCard stack designed as an aid in learning and reviewing basic and clinical pharmacology. The program contains extensively linked textual and diagrammatic information about drugs, classes of drugs, and related agents; emphasizes basic principles of pharmacology, enabling the user to understand the action of therapeutic agents in the framework of human biochemistry and physiology; also uses a set of pharmacokinetic models to plot predicted serum drug levels over time given user-defined dosing parameters. Requires Mac with hard disk and Hypercard 2.0 or later. Single user $250, site license $1,250. MedEd Software, Inc., 44 Walnut St., Natick, MA 01760, 617- 432-2256, fax 617-432-3833.

Revieware: student can scan sample, select answers, and study explanation keyed to missed questions; independent programs include General Principles of Pharmacology ($99), Pharmacology of the Central Nervous System ($99), Cardiovascular Pharmacology (USMLE format, $199), Pharmacology of the Peripheral Nervous System (USMLE format, $199). Requires PC 286 with CGA, EGA or VGA video adapter. Suntext Corporation, Suite 129, 4521 Campus Drive, Irvine, CA 92715, 310-372-1412.

The Laboratory in Pharmacology: computer-based approach to teaching students to apply basic principles and concepts about pharmacology in order to predict drug effects; independent modules include The Dose Response Relationship, Effects of Drugs on the Isolated Rabbit Heart, Calculating a Blood Alcohol Concentration, Narcotic Agonist and Antagonists, Effects of Drugs of Autonomic Nervous System, Simulating Blood Glucose Tolerance. Requires PC with MS-DOS 2.0 or higher, color monitor, CGA or better graphics adapter, hard disk. Single user $150. Health Sciences Consortium, 201 Silver Cedar Court, Chapel Hill, NC 27514-1517, 919-942-8731.

ELECTRONIC REFERENCES

AskRx: a drug information program using information from the USP DI database of the United States Pharmacopeial Convention, Inc. Requires PC 386 or better, 10MB hard disk space (also available on CD-ROM), 2MB RAM, Windows 3.0 or later, VGA monitor, mouse. $495. Camdat Corp., 359 Northgate Dr., Warrendale, PA 15086, 800-875-8355, fax 412-934-2855.

Merck Manual TextStack: an electronic edition of The Merck Manual, Sixteenth Edition. Available in Mac and PC format. Hardware requirements for Mac include model with r2MB free RAM, hard drive with r15MB available space, system 6.0.7 or later and Hypercard 2.1 or later. For PCs, 286 or higher processor, mouse, 2MB RAM, r15MB available hard disk space, EGA or better monitor, MS-DOS 3.3 or higher, Windows 3.1 or higher. Single user $220; site license $550. Keyboard Publishing, 482 Norristown Rd., Suite 111, Blue Bell, PA 19422, 800-945-4551, fax 215-832-0948.

PDR Library on CD-ROM: full text on CD-ROM of the 1993 editions of the PDR, PDR for Nonprescription Drugs, Guide to Drug Interactions, Side Effects, Indications, and PDR for Ophthalmology. The Merck Manual is available as an option. Requires PC with DOS 3.1 or later, MS-DOS CD-ROM Extensions, 640K RAM, CD-ROM drive. PDR Library $595, with Merck Manual $895. Physicians' Desk Reference, P.O. Box 162, Montvale, NJ 07645-1742, 800-232-7379, fax 201-573- 4956.

PDR Drug Interactions and Side Effects Diskettes with Indications: 3 databases on diskettes. Requires PC with DOS 3.1 or later, 640K RAM, hard disk. $225. Physicians' Desk Reference, P.O. Box 162, Montvale, NJ 07645-1742, 800-232-7379, fax 210-573-4956.

Stat!-Ref: consists of a medical library on a compact disk, as well as a search facility. Available titles include Clinical MEDLINE, and many medical textbooks. While the entire library is on the CD, you pay for only the titles you need. This is a subscription service, with 4 updates per year. Requires a Mac or PC with Windows and a CD-ROM drive. Teton Data Systems, 211 E. Broadway, P.O. Box 3082, Jackson, WY 83001, 800-755-7827, fax 307-739-1229.

RESOURCES

A Reference Guide to Macintosh in Higher Education: a collection of Macintosh projects on campuses across the country and abroad. Available in print and HyperCard formats. Apple Computer, Inc., 20330 Stevens Creek Blvd., MS:36HE, Cupertino, CA 95014.

Basic Tools: A Software Guide for Faculty: describes how to use productivity software, such as word processing and spreadsheet applications, to enhance instruction and research. Apple Technology Guides, c/o Syllabus, P.O. Box 2716, Sunnyvale, CA 94807, 408-774-0670; AppleLink: HEGUIDES; Internet: heguides@applelink.apple.com.

Higher Education Product Companion: a publication covering products and services available to the higher education computer user; includes MS-DOS, Windows, Macintosh and UNIX compatible software and hardware. Subscription is free. Higher Education Product Companion, Subscription Services, 1307 S. Mary Ave., Suite 218, Sunnyvale, CA 94087, 408-773-0670, fax 408-746-2711.

Higher Education Software Collection: a catalog distributed by Chariot Software Group, 3659 India St., Suite 100C, San Diego, CA 92103, 800-242-7468, fax 800-800-4540, AppleLink: D0452.

Intellimation: dedicated to the development, production, and distribution of high quality innovative, educational media. They distribute a catalog of Macintosh software. Intellimation, P.O. Box 1922, Santa Barbara, CA 93116- 1922, 800-346-8355.

Syllabus: a bimonthly publication distributed free to professionals involved in the development, integration, and distribution of technology in higher education. Sponsored by Apple. Syllabus, P.O. Box 2716 Sunnyvale, CA 94087; 408-773-0670; AppleLink: syllabus.

Teaching with Computers: provides tips, techniques, and examples of how to use computers to support instruction. Apple Technology Guides, c/o Syllabus, P.O. Box 2716, Sunnyvale, CA 94807, 408-773-0670; AppleLink: HEGUIDES; Internet: heguides@applelink.apple.com.

NOTE: Prices and hardware requirements were current when this list was compiled. However, you are advised to check with the software distributor prior to purchase to confirm price, hardware/system requirements, and any updates that may become available. If you find any errors or would like to suggest additions to this list, please contact Marilyn Bush, Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, University of Mississippi, University, MS 38677, 601-232-7330, fax 601-232-5118, e-mail PLBUSH@VM.CC.OLEMISS.EDU, or Pharmline.

david-bourne@uokhsc.edu