X Bioavailability Studies


=> To define various terms relating to bioavailability studies

=> To understand some of the past problems with bioavailability

=> To evaluate the components and results of a bioavailability study

Studies, which are carried to evaluate different dosage forms, are the topic of this Chapter [1,2]. These studies called bioavailability or drug product evaluation studies might compare:-

i) one type of dosage form with another, e.g. regular tablet with sustained release tablet. For this type of tablet ka values should be slower; but F values should be similar or

ii) two (or more) dosage forms made by two different manufacturers.

Second brand or generic drug manufacturers are required to prove that their product is equivalent to previously marketed products which have demonstrated clinically efficacy. For most drugs, the second and subsequent manufacturer must show that their product is bioequivalent, i.e. same ka and F, as the product(s) on the market. During the development of new drugs and drug products, the original manufacturer will also perform bioavailability studies on new products, probably comparing the product to be marketed with an intravenous dosage form if at all possible.

This page was last modified: 12 February 2001

Copyright 2001 David W.A. Bourne